Waiting for the hydrogen train
India is developing trains that run on hydrogen gas. This hydrogen train will be completely indigenous, designed by Indian engineers. These trains will not run on diesel or electricity. These trains will run on hydrogen and emit water instead of smoke. In other words, as fuel will be saved in these trains, the problem of pollution will also end. The Railway Minister said that a hydrogen fuel cell powered train will be built in India by 2023. The design of these trains will be released by May-June 2023.
First hydrogen train in Germany
Hydrogen trains first started in Germany. A fleet of 14 hydrogen trains is commissioned in Germany in August 2022. These trains are manufactured by a company called Alstom of France. Hydrogen fuel cells are used in these trains. Thus, hydrogen accumulates on the roof of the train and when it combines with oxygen, it forms H2O i.e. water. The energy generated in this process is used to run the train. Running on hydrogen fuel, this hydria has no pollution and the engine does not make any noise. These hydrogen-powered trains cover a distance of 1000 km at a time and reach a speed of 140 km.
Where will this train run first in India?
According to Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnab, the focus of these trains in India will be on the poor and the middle class. It is believed that these hydraulic trains, fried in India, may be run on the Sonipat-Jind route first. For this, the installation of hydrogen fuel cells in two demo trains has started, for which an Indian company has been awarded a contract. It will cost about 70 crore rupees. Although the initial cost of the hydrogen train is high, it is expected to be compensated within two years. One kg of hydrogen will give the same mileage as about 4.5 liters of diesel. Also, the maintenance of these trains will also be cheaper. Hydrogen trains are expected to save Rs 2.5 crore annually compared to DEMU trains. At the same time, these trains will reduce carbon emissions by 11 metric tons per year.
What is the specialty of this train?
- Hydrogen-powered trains save electricity and diesel. The energy created by the fusion of hydrogen and oxygen is used to run the train.
- Hydrogen trains can be deployed for long distances.
- It has almost no pollution.
- These trains can reach a top speed of 140 km/h in less than 15 minutes.
- Hydrogen trains can cover 10 times more distance than electric trains.
- Fuel cell costs and maintenance are also less expensive.
- The hydrogen powered train has no noise, so is quite comfortable.